The Seal of Atlantis
Discovering Geometrical
Elements in the Athena Engraving
In late 1985, after weeks of admiring the
mysterious StoneAge engraving, I put it to the first test for geometrical ideas. I
wanted to verify my impression that the torso of the human figure was kind of like a
regular lens, an overlapping area of two circles of the same size.
I saw some points (crossing lines), where I felt the circle
centers might be. There was also a point, where the arcs should meet, if
extended past the present cutoff line. This point is seen on the right side of
the torso, in the diagram above, or below.
Using a pair of compasses, I drew a circle from each point to see
how well it would mesh with the contours of the torso. From the
result we see:
both arcs run either with, or within the short lines of
the torso,
or
thread themselves through breaks in the lines of the torso,
or
limit other lines,
or
pass through points (crossing lines).
*
Altogether,
there are 25 instances of the circle arcs interacting with the torso,
out of which
only three seem random. Do check this fact out.
The
Diamond  The Square
The
centers of the torso circles, and the points where the circles
intersect
 mark out four corners of a squaare.
The square is oriented like a diamond, and its diagonals form a
cross. The lines and extended diagonals of this square harmonize
with the engraving
rather ostensibly. Onwards, its name will simply be the
Square. In the course of our investigations, this square reappears
regularly, even in the figure of the monkey from Nazca, Peru.
Its axes are the main axes of the overall design.


The regular lens, which we have
established on the torso, can be shifted
a little to a new snug fit with the torso, shown in the diagram below.
It is
simply faultless. Each arc of the lens passes entirely within one of
the two
long engraved arcs of the torso. Evidently, the lens has moved, and
rotated 
so, some dynamics are at play, here.
Of course, a question can be asked if this second torso lens did not
actually
come first. It did not. The precedence of the first torso lens is
firmly posited
by the sheer amount of geometry which is integrated with it. For
instance,
virtually every engraved line within the torso sets some highly
significant whole
angles with the diagonals (axes) of this the first lens, such as 30° or 36° . 

The yellow circle below is the Main Square's
circumcircle. The purple circle is
identical to the blue torso circles, and its radius
equals one side of the Square.
Both circles snap onto arcs and hinge onto the engraving
in a number of points.
The concentrical circles are like waves pushing and
pulling the picture outwards.

The
KCircle
The top corner of
the Square is a point on a beautifully engraved arc. This 'random scribble', as experts
on prehistoric art would say, is visibly symmetrical with an arc of the girl's
hat.
How good is this
symmetry?  It is a good example of the art's
technical perfection. Below, we are looking at a greatly
magnified detail.
The two arcs are 1) concentric
2) symmetrical through their common centre
3) lay on the same circle
The circle implied by the two arcs is onwards called the
Kcircle.
This circle had existed as a template for the arcs, before one
arc was given a zigzagging end, and the other arc was bent a
little.
The Kcircle plays a key role in the picture's system. For now, note
how the Kcircle seems to pass through both the top corner, and the
center of the Square. 
The agreement between the
Keycircle and the two engraved arcs is remarkable, especially so on the freefloating arc. This arc is
quite perfect.
Once we get around to regenerating the K circle from the
overall design, the new K circle proves the engraved arc's quality
by faithfully
tracing the contour of its inside edge.
Anyhow, part of the order between the Main Square and the Key circle is
that this circle passes both through the square's center, and its top
corner.
Next, as in the diagram below, the line (k) subtending the lower arc of
the Key circle holds 36 degrees (the angle at the tip of a 5pointed star) with
the xaxis of the Square. Coincidence? Well, no, because it is part of the greater
plan. If it were a mere coincidence, it would have led us up a blind alley,
as is usual in such cases. Instead, this setup implies the KXstars,
based on the Golden Section within the Main Square 
Incidentally, in the diag.
below, we can see the agreement between the aforementioned Key circle
retroengineered from the Square, and the related freefloating
engraved arc of the original Key circle.
This is part of the proof that the Square remains constant, while
its progenitor  the Cone  undergoes subtle changes, inducing
corresponding changes in some other figures. 

A
Constructionist Masterpiece
Some arcs in the engraving seem so perfectly
circular, one starts
wondering if the artist had used geometric tools of some kind. The
arcs are like sockets inviting placement of corresponding
circles.
The Hiplens:
The (blue) circle through Athena's arching hip, and her right
leg, is the same as the circle through the arc it faces  on a pants'
pocket. The overlap forms a symmetrical lens. The line of circles' centers points through the Square's
center, and straight to the center of the Kcircle!
Diagram below:
The other axis of the hiplens then passes through the intersection of
the yaxis with the lower circle of the Torsolens.
A line from the center of the lower circle of the torso lens
perpendicularly to
Athena's body axis will pass through the center of the blue circle of
the hiplens
(see diagram below).
There are two triple intersections of
Athena's body axis with the two circles just mentioned.
These descriptions may be tedious, but they describe a spectacular
design. Given the Square and the Kcircle, we are now able to recreate the
hiplens, as below. Thus, the indication is that the hiplens is the product
of these figures.
Yet, we do not know, how to derive either the Kcircle from the Square, or the Hiplens. The possibilities are endless. As
beautiful as this design is, we are missing the point.

The below diagram of the hiplens is a
considerably blown up scan of an old experiment of mine with a
pair of compasses, and a fine example of the
engraving's technical excellence. Each arc of the hiplens fits the
same circle. These circles have a line of centers, which is one
and the same with the line of centers
Kcircle  Main Square.


After converting every distinct arc into a
test circle, it was apparent that among the new circles, there were two groups with auspiciously similar
radii. The right leg produces three such standardized circles. Let's focus
on the two color circles to the right of the diagram below, given by the arcs of
the calf and of the shin. These two circles virtually install themselves in the
picture.
The circles' centres, their points of mutual intersection, plus the
points, at which these circles intersect their line of centers  form a set of four equilateral triangles! (see diag.).

The red line in the diagram above connects
the centers of the two circles, which
together create a set of equilateral triangles. It deserves particular
attention, as it
exposes one of the major balances in the engraving. One only has to
follow this
red line to see it. This particular balance is very strong, resembling
the balance of
the monkey from Nasca with the V shape it is wedged into. No wonder,
this line
makes the list of obviously deliberate balances in the engraving.


An Ideal Four Way Balance
The Keycircle from the head, the lens of the torso, the
lens of the right hip,
and the diamond of the right leg together create a perfectl
balance. One can
say that because this balance is easily described in
general terms, such as
perpendicular' or 'all four centers fall on the same
(straight) line'.
We can
see this ideal balance implemented in the figure below.
Two sides of the diamond arising from
two arcs on Athena's lower
right leg are perpendicular to Athena's body axis. One of these
lines
extending from the diamond passes through the centers of two circles,
the other merges with the long axis of the hiplens, and continues
on,
to where the Square's vertical diagonal and one of the torso circles
meet at a point.
*
Next: a high level solution to this constructional masterpiece. 
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